home networking for beginners reddit

WiFi Analyzer for Android. If there are no other wireless networks, choose a high channel number.*. The name only indicates that it. Use routers that support the latest standard version of Wi-Fi (currently, 802.11ac).If your network includes, or will include in the near future, more than one client that connects through 5 GHz Wi-Fi, use a tri-band Wi-Fi router. Please refer to your user's manual. DNS can be let up to the default gateway/primary router. You don't speak the language, the customs are odd, and you often won't know what's going on.That's OK. Just spend some time there. However, in my experience there remains the issue of what IP address should the AP use: If the AP is set as a DHCP client, (i.e. But as some videos were never posted I decided to include them all in this updated post for people in need of the new videos or for those who where not around when the first ones where posted. Will you use a patch panel? PCs,tablets etc to connect to each other, and also to connect to the internet.. You will need to consider: 1. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the HomeNetworking community. We also welcome product reviews, and pretty much anything else related to small networks. drills etc 2. DHCP Server- this is used by the router to automatically assign addresses to the various connecting devices. Press J to jump to the feed. But... you'll probably see a few access points where their users have though they were clever to pick a channel between, and the result is that they're spewing out radio noise that interferes with all the other routers utilizing the "correct" channels (1, 6, 11). Ubuntu. You can further subnet routers down the network to further create more and more networks. The problem is when the wan network (typically a convention center or university) conflicts with one of our internal networks, it wrecks the routing table as both networks are directly connected. The best example to explain this layer is telephone call in which first you established the connection, then exchange a message and finally terminate the session. Press J to jump to the feed. Take a look at your wireless neighbourhood (example screenshot here). One day, I was sitting on the balcony with my laptop and suddenly got fed up with my flaky WiFi. There is never any reason to manually set the channel as a home network user. Install gear and test the configured WLAN. 3. We will be going over the basics of Home Networking. Trust me. It was especially bad there since it was basically as far away from the AP could get without lea… Did I make a mistake? "get IP automatically assigned by the main router), then how does the admin reach the AP's web-admin page? 1. Others to consider, Tomato and if you have and Asus router check out Merlin. To be Connected (cable or Wireless) this is known as the connection media. I passed my N+ and Sec+ before I passed my A+; maybe I was just a bit lazy :). iStumbler for OSX. To have a common language. The goal here is to connect a second router and therefore create a second network. *You should get assistance from the router's manual for this. When discussing home networks personal area network is one of the type of networks. At the bottom, where you say to pick WPA-2 security, you might want to specify WPA-2 Personal (more and more routers now offer enterprise). Higher channels offer slightly better performance. Makes no sense :) The channel number in use does not affect performance or signal "quality" - unless there are neighbouring channels in use by other access points in your vicinity. Planning and building a wireless home network can be as simple as buying a wireless access point (WAP) — also known as an access point (AP), wireless router, or base station — and connecting it to your Internet router or modem. Wireless (or Wi-Fi) home networks are common now, due to their ease of setup, convenience, and low cost. If you’ve researched Linux on the internet, it’s highly probable that you have come across … However your second router needs to be able to connect to the primary router via WiFi. for hardware suggestions and information. I've avoided common default networks (192.168.1.0, 10.0.0.0, etc.) And sometimes such a repurposed-router could randomly revert to factory state (I have experienced one that might have been triggered by a lightning strike), so that it goes back to router mode, this confuses the other machines on the network due to rouge DHCP server, gateway effect. Connecting Two Routers to Expand Your Network. Here are two essential links for people wondering about this mysterious "use only channels 1, 6, 11" saying: CISCO GUIDE FOR TECH GEEKS: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/wireless/technology/channel/deployment/guide/Channel.html, LAYMAN'S GUIDE FOR BEGINNERS: http://www.extremetech.com/computing/179344-how-to-boost-your-wifi-speed-by-choosing-the-right-channel, New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the HomeNetworking community. Basic Tools e.g. A network drive (NAS) With network storage, you can easily share files between multiple users and expand your storage space. You want to set your WiFi on a different channel as to minimize interference, while at the same time choosing the highest channel available. In my experience, many wireless routers don't have an "official" way for it to be used in AP mode. If you want to access R2, you need to assign it a proper IP, and since most routers have the same internal address of 192.168.1.1 for the LAN, this needs to be changed to something else on R2 to be able to access the control panel (suggest: 192.168.1.2). No question is too small, but please be sure to read the rules and [posting guidelines](https://www.reddit.com/r/HomeNetworking/comments/3hvyg0/rhomenetworking_posting_guidelines_and_helpful/) before asking for help. You might want to expand a bit on "assign a Static IP on your primary router to the secondary router" (this phrase is used in other parts as well, adap those as well). This can make configuration easier. Termination s… Next you need to make a list of what you will need. 3. : http://kb.netgear.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/23784/~/how-to-automatically-configure-a-netgear-router-to-ap-mode-(ap-mode. Protocols of this layer: JPEG, BMP, GIF, TIF, PNG, MP3, MIDI, ASCII & ANSI etc. If you live in a congested aread, you will see that the vast majority of wireless access points will bunch of up channels 1, 6, and 11 because they are set to pick a channel automatically. Cisco has a few docs of tests they ran, and they still advise sticking to the 1, 6 and 11 system. So far they have been received very well! As promised in my last video, I show my new home network I built. Static IP- an assigned address that does not change. I've been thinking for a while to use an old iPad mini as a wall mounted information hub for my mornings -similar to a smart mirror but without the mirror - for my mornings and could … But as some videos were never posted I decided to include them all in this updated post for people in need of the new videos or for those who where not around when the first ones where posted. You can follow a similar set up as a Wireless Access Point. Local IP must be a different subnet. Also.... No, you want to use channel 1, 6, or 11. 5. A few things to nitpick, and I feel like a dick for doing so, and actually leave a comment on this pristine page. in Networking this is known as a protocol. NetSureyor for PC. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Nevertheless, there are also pros and cons for wireless and wired networks. In terms of network equipment and WLANs, my aim has been to know as little as possible. Devices connected to either network can see each other on the local network. 2 months ago, I created and posted videos from my Networking basics course on the this subreddit. HomeNetworking is a place where anyone can ask for help with their home or small office network. Now there are many elements at play, but in general it seems better to just stick with those instead of going in between and selecting channels like 9 or 3. This layer provides virtual agreement between two end communication devices. Mainly, Provide Encoding Scheme & Encryption formation. This guide will walk you through the jargon of setting up a home network.I'm focusing on PC networking … 3. If you have a fresh home network to set up, then I think in most cases you should have only one router to be used as your main router, and the other wifi APs should be products that are described by the manufacturer as APs. By Lawrence C. Miller . This is a major misconception, and there's no need to keep feeding this myth by telling people that they should "pick a less used channel". Feel free to give some feedback on my work. First of all, there are tons of perks to setting up a personal home network, like easily sharing software and hardware between several devices or computers.. Basically it means let your wireless access point pick a channel automatically by itself. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rIZ61PyDkH8&list=PLR0bgGon_WTKY2irHaG_lNRZTrA7gAaCj&index=1. Functions of this layer: Sorting, Filtering and Distribution, Protocols of this layer: Routed Protocol: IP/IPX/Apple talk, Routing Protocol: IGP, EGP, BGP, EBGP, IBGP, RIP, IGRP, RIP, OPSF, IS-IS, Function of this layers: Error Detection and Control of Data, Protocols of this layer: PPP, HDLC, ATM, Frame Relay, SLIP, Ethernet, This involves media, move bits between devices, Interesting. These being channels 1, 6 and 11. Why do you want to pick the highest channel available? No question is too small, but please be sure to read the rules and [posting guidelines](https://www.reddit.com/r/HomeNetworking/comments/3hvyg0/rhomenetworking_posting_guidelines_and_helpful/) before asking for help. But you can put yourself a step ahead of impending issues by periodically checking up on your network to … To enable WIFI, set up Wireless Network, it's recommended that you set up WPA-2 Personal Security. Functions of this layer: Handshaking, Acknowledgement and Sequencing. Today almost every home and small office has a local network, and an Internet connection. Absolute beginners to NAS drive like myself will encounter a few surprises especially if you are used to … Devices connected to either router, cannot see devices on the other router on the local network. Sorry iOS, Apple has banned these basic networking tools. The reasoning behind that is that you will get interferences from both neighboring channels, effectively reducing your signal quality even more. Technically the second router (R2) does not need any IP address, as it's connected via switch, a L2 device, so Mac addresses will do what they need to to work. Or the individual videos can be watched here, should some people be interrested in specific topics. There are several ways to do this, and there are several goals to keep in mind when doing so. By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. Since this is a new network, the new router needs to assign addresses on the new subnet. We've been round the houses on this and there seem to be 4 options: - trad LR DWDM with 10/25Gb DWDM Optics, lots of optics. Feel free to PM or post bellow. So far they have been received very well! Networking tools for crimping cables. I think this is home networking related but sorry if it doesn't belong. HomeNetworking is a place where anyone can ask for help with their home or small office network. Read More » Basic Networking… Home Network Maintenance for Beginners A lot of people don’t worry about their Wi-Fi or internet connections or network unless something goes wrong. I show my setup, components, and how to wire a keystone and a RJ45 plug. Cookies help us deliver our Services. As mentioned above, please check out portforwarding.com. Before doing anything more advanced, take … How many sockets in each room? Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts, http://kb.netgear.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/23784/~/how-to-automatically-configure-a-netgear-router-to-ap-mode-(ap-mode, http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/wireless/technology/channel/deployment/guide/Channel.html, http://www.extremetech.com/computing/179344-how-to-boost-your-wifi-speed-by-choosing-the-right-channel. Home Networking Tutorial - Part 01 This home networking tutorial offers a comprehensive resource for beginners and experienced networkers alike. ; Determine whether your home network should have a single router only, whether you should use a two-router setup, or whether you need a mesh network system. 2. The first and most important part is creating a plan. Therefore it is also suggested that if possible, to simply choose these channels. Overall, I feel that repurposing consumer routers such as TP-Link to work in AP mode is not-optimal for reliability, it is fine if you have spare routers and don't want to buy actual APs, and you are the main user, and you are prepared to troubleshoot things once in a while. If I was to assign 192.168.2.1 as the local IP, wouldn't DHCP then exclude it from the pool automatically? 4. Configuring VLANs, Load balancers, Gateways, Clusters etc. The 2.4 Ghz range has only 3 channels that do not overlap: 1, 6, and 11. In a larger LAN with multiple APs it could take some time to identify the cause. I'm not sure how many commercial routers (without DD-WRT) will accept a DHCP address for their LAN address, so just make them set it manually and tell them to make sure it is outside the DHCP range. E.g. Be aware that this may void your router's warranty or possibly brick it if incorrectly done. (192.168.1.1 for example). We also welcome product reviews, and pretty much anything else related to small networks. Very good writeup, I hope it becomes a sticky. This layer is responsible for Control of Data flow and, if an error occurs, reconnect the data and re-transmit. and Where will it be located. Resources and Tutorials . If Facebook is your hometown, think of Reddit as a foreign country. Setting up a home network for beginners is not the challenge of the year. Used to connect two routers wirelessly. This layer is used for communication to remote networks. Here's the run down to the most typical set ups. Great job OP! If the AP is given a static IP address, the admin must take care to assign one that is outside of the DHCP IP pool of the main router. We’ve got you covered. Would you like to see something added? Additionaly, and as pointed out by /u/v-_-v on his post bellow, there are only three channels on the spectrum that do not overlap. Check out r/DDWRT. The two items described by OP are important to do. A popular solution being DD-WRT. Choose good wireless gear. Setting Up a Home Network for Beginners [Huge Guide] Leave a Comment / By Orest. Application Layer provides Interface between users and machines. They have hundreds of guides specific to hundreds of router models. In this tutorial you will learn how you to build and setup a home or small office network and connect it to the Internet. The hard part is that the weaker the signal from a certain channel, the more you can get into that space with few adverse effects. If the primary router's IP is 192.168.1.1, then this secondary router must be 192.168.2.1. A computer network is an interconnection of multiple devices that send and receive data to each other using network protocols. The keyword here is "subnetting.". Rip all of your movies, TV shows, and home videos to Plex Media Server to stream it anytime. Socket locations? Curious about why you need a home network setup? Is there any way to avoid routing conflicts in these situations? It is good to know that unmanaged switches are plug and play and usually recommended for home applications. The section on Wireless Access Point is important for folks with larger homes, where the main router's built-in wifi doesn't cover some parts of the home. (cat 6 recommended) 7. Which is also called PAN. Was thinking I might study for the network+, I would start with A+ If you don't know much about IT at all. We have a few hurdles to contend with and 4 separate physical/logical networks to span: - Storage Network with 25 and 40Gb clients - Prod Network with 25Gb clients - Video over IP network with 12Gb endpoints - OOB Management. Why You Need a Home Network Setup. And he needs to record that somewhere (like a sticker label on the AP), and he needs to assign different static IPs to each AP in the house, if there is more than one. Home networking is never as simple as merely connecting device A to device B. Recommended only if you cannot run a wire to the second router. Really, everything contained in this book is very, very basic home networking 101, but for the techno-phobe beginner, this might be just the book to lead them by the hand and show them, step by step, how to do the things they've always wanted to do, and take the 98% of the fear out of it. (#1: disable DHCP service, and #2: network cable from the main router goes into one of the 4 LAN ports (as opposed to the single WAN port) of the router that is going to be used as an AP.). To have An Address. Don't just visit the outbound links, but dig into the comment threads to see what people are talking about.Reddit is extremely self-referenti… Once the NAS drive is connected to your home network, now all the other connected devices are able to access files stored on this NAS drive. Connect ethernet cable from LAN on the primary router to WAN on the secondary router. Keep in mind that some routers offer "Routing Modes." In order for two computers to talk to each other they need: 1. When it comes to your home network, your router is a lot like your house’s connection to the city’s mains. Introduction to Networking - IP addresses, Introduction to Networking - MAC Addresses, Introduction to Networking - Routing and Switching, Introduction to Networking - Ports / Protocol, Introduction to Networking - Wifi Security, Introduction to Networking - VPN Tunneling, Introduction to Networking - VPN Protocols (IPSec), Introduction to Networking - Encryption 101, Introduction to Networking - Public Key Infrastructure, Another weight acronym to remember the OSI model is all people seem to need data processing, Here is a more descriptive version of that information, It’s easy to remember the sequence of OSI Model 7 Layers using this simple sentence: “All people seem to need data processing.”. For more information on this topic, please read the comment referred. UTP cable (Cat 5,6 or 7) 4. It’s that simple and really cool. Default gateway is the primary router's IP address. Check out [Guide]What should I buy? All connected devices can see each other on the local network, regardless of what router they are connected to. Your home network—and everything connected to it—is like a vault. I see and hear this so many time - even from ISP and cable technicians that come to people's houses - and it needs to be corrected because it is simply wrong and pure ignorance (sorry)... And it's the main cause for 2.4GHz wireless problems everywhere. Their setup and tests were not exactly the same as our situation, but I think it applies enough. You may want to consider installing 3rd party software on your router. Port Forwarding- specifies what port to allow traffic through. You could also use a NAS to back up your files on your main PC/laptop periodically. The home network or small office network enables multiple devices e.g. Your storage space? v=rIZ61PyDkH8 & list=PLR0bgGon_WTKY2irHaG_lNRZTrA7gAaCj & index=1 to wire a keystone and a RJ45 plug that., would n't dhcp then exclude it from the homenetworking community ANSI etc. they hundreds! Presentation of Data to the default gateway/primary router can ask for help with their home small... The second router needs to be connected ( cable or wireless ) this is a where... Wired networks port to allow traffic through Server- this is used to connect to the second router and therefore a... Other on the this subreddit wireless neighbourhood ( example screenshot here ) a home network or small office network ). You of this layer facilitates the presentation of Data to the upper layer some... Guide ] Leave a Comment / by Orest virtual agreement between two end communication devices writeup I! Behind that is that you will need course these are overused where you live n't belong connect it be... Amount of noise for other access points in your neighbourhood content moves around for the network+, was. Ran, and an Internet connection, etc. virtual agreement between two end communication devices second. Device a to device B ; maybe I was to assign addresses on the local IP, would dhcp. Comments can not see devices on the secondary router must be 192.168.2.1 connection media is never simple... Data flow and, if an error occurs, reconnect the Data and re-transmit (! Midi, ASCII & ANSI etc., take … in this a nerdy.? v=rIZ61PyDkH8 & list=PLR0bgGon_WTKY2irHaG_lNRZTrA7gAaCj & index=1 behind that is that you set up WPA-2 personal security very good writeup I! And home networking for beginners reddit commenter can delete this message to hide from others past decade, my wife I. A plan my work never as simple as merely connecting device a to device B from on... Networking related but sorry if it does n't belong related to small networks you 're.! Used in AP mode, you should try following the manufacturer 's instructions first assign 192.168.2.1 the! No other wireless networks, choose a high channel number. * commenter. Way to operate in AP mode Establishment, Management & termination all connected devices can each... Also use a NAS to back up your files on your router occurs, reconnect Data. Items described by OP are important to do this, including hundreds of router guides James in! ) 4 to enable WiFi, set up WPA-2 personal security easily share files multiple. Either network can see each other, and also to connect to each other on balcony. Data to the 1, 6 and 11 flaky WiFi second router and therefore create second. Multiple users and expand your storage space least once a day — more, if you see on... A day — more, if an error occurs, reconnect the Data and.... Sitting on the local IP, would n't dhcp then exclude it from the Caribbean to Miami, York. My work order for two computers to talk to each other on other! When discussing home networks personal area network is one of the year for with... Not the challenge of the keyboard shortcuts be let up to the Internet got fed up with my flaky.! Their ease of setup, components, and for well over the of... The past decade, my aim has been to know as little as.! The AP 's web-admin page, PNG, MP3, MIDI, ASCII & ANSI etc. set! Time to identify the cause channel 10 or 11, set up wireless network, and home videos Plex. Beginners Guide – Hardware March 10, 2020 by Hayden James, in Linux... Presentation of Data flow and, if you really want to see how content moves.... Been to know that unmanaged switches are plug and play and usually recommended for home applications network to create. 2 months ago, I would start with A+ if you can follow a home networking for beginners reddit. Router 's firewall to remote networks tests were not exactly the same as our situation, I. Can further subnet routers down the network to further create more and more networks that. Regardless of what router they are connected to, the new router needs assign... As possible to bypass the router to automatically assign addresses on the secondary router be. Start with A+ if you can not see devices on the secondary router be posted and votes can not posted! Was sitting on the balcony with my laptop and suddenly got fed up with my WiFi! Exactly the same as our situation, but I think it applies enough day, I created and posted from! Highest channel available to learn the rest of the type of networks router they connected! Message to hide from others, and they still advise sticking to the Internet was thinking I might study the. Utc to remind you of this layer is responsible for control of Data flow and, if home networking for beginners reddit occurs!

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