reading for specific information activity tefl

Teach the learners and not the plan – always responding to what is happening in the classroom. Ideas for teaching business English and young learners, articles on theory and methodology and more. This browser is not fully supported, we would recommend you upgrade your browser to a newer version of Internet Explorer or download Chrome, Firefox or Safari. Cover vocabulary items taught. Ask students if any of them have visited either of these countries. The teacher should have predicted any possible problems which may arise in class and have thought of possible ways to overcome these. Are there really two hundred species of shark? It is this kind of lesson plan which is strongly encouraged on training courses as it is easier to follow and evaluate. Students then re-read the article, this time reading for more detail and attempting to answer some questions which are placed on the whiteboard. Practicing skimming and scanning skills in reading. Sharks are found in rivers as well as in the seas and oceans. Feedback: –  what students have understood. 1 Reviews. For example, we look in a newspaper to find a football result (we don’t read the whole newspaper before finding it! Additional Resources for Teaching English Reading. This kind of lesson allows a logical sequence from one activity to the next leading to a pre-determined objective. The fact that we start with a question is interesting in itself. If you are teaching Business English‏‎ to managers then yes, use an article on managerial techniques but if you’re teaching teenagers, choose a blockbuster film review or an interview with a celebrity whom the class all know. When you sign up for a TEFL Org course you’ll be provided with everything you need to complete it – there are no hidden fees with us – but we are often asked by students if we can recommend any books for further study. © BBC World Service, Bush House, Strand, London WC2B 4PH, UK. If you are a good reader you almost certainly don't read every word carefully. The fact that we start with a question is interesting in itself. A useful activity could be to get teachers to categorise the bullet-pointed terms under the relevant headings. Ask yourself: What topic is the text about? It provides one reason for reading: to find an answer to the question. One which provides a context and a reason for reading. Common kinds of detailed comprehension questions include: Teaching English as a foreign language is the perfect way to travel the world, enjoy a fantastic adventure, and inspire the next generation – all at the same time. ESL Reading Lesson Plan Template. You can add comments or questions about the contents of this article by clicking on Add new comment below. If we can recycle the text in a way that makes it memorable they will remember not only the content of the text, but also some of the language it contains. So in my next article I will outline a four stage process. Specific information – scanning. Before they begin to read they will have some idea what it will be about and what to expect from it. Main idea is one of the most difficult skills for students because it’s one of the only test … But there are two things we have not done - two things that we need to do after the reading. This term is sometimes confused with listening for specific information which is applied to occasions in which we don’t have to understand everything that’s being said, but only a very specific part . Stress and emphasis aren’t things that most people can learn from studying through computer programs and textbooks. Reading for specific information activities The materials you will find on this page are particularly suitable for the "communicative" style of teaching. Teaching EFL reading is a bit different than the way native speakers are taught to read. Dave will be regularly visiting the site, reading your comments and answering questions. Finally we will review their answers and find out how many pairs or groups answered true and how many answered false on each question. Before they begin to read they will have some idea what it will be about and what to expect from it. Learners have had a good deal of language practice centring on the topic to be covered in the reading. students can compare their answers in pairs first). Scan Reading – Picking out only the specific information they need from a text. We will go through these questions to make sure they have been properly understood, but without giving any clues as to the answers, then we will ask learners to discuss the questions in pairs or groups. Each student must explain their keywords to their partners. Secondly we need to provide a reason for reading. Task: Reading for specific information / detailed understanding. There are nearly two hundred different species of sharks. Home > TEFL Blog > TEFL Classroom & Expert Advice > 5 Fun TEFL Classroom Activities. 2. When teaching intonation, it’s best to use activities that are fun and engaging. Say whether each one is true or false. After learners have finished reading you will be in a position to lead a class discussion on the text. Pre-reading Read the first line of the text to the students and ask them to predict the content and language they will find in the rest of the text. We rarely set out to read something without knowing anything at all about the topic and without having any expectations about what we are going to read. The biggest sharks are around 6 metres in length and weigh up to 2000 kilograms. Reinforcing students’ comprehension skills through speaking. Main Idea. Check the answers with them. Which sharks are dangerous? Students do some research (in groups) on the Internet on either Argentina or Thailand. Reading for Detail / Specific Information To give students practice in another reading sub-skill (e.g. The basking shark and the whale shark grow to around 12 metres, but they are quite harmless, feeding on plankton and small fish. More and more schools and Ministries of Education are interested in Content and Language Integrated Learning (Clil), recognising the importance of learning a language, in our case English, as a means to studying other subjects more effectively. Less than one hundred people are attacked by sharks each year. Perhaps the easiest of stages, but a good strong context will set your stage, appeal to different learning styles (visual, audio, or kinesthetic), and activate the learner’s schemata. All too often learners read a text and then forget all about it. Are sharks dangerous to humans?Sharks have been around for hundreds of millions of years. Priming before readingLet's review what has happened in our lesson so far: These things make up what I think of as the Priming stage of the reading lesson: getting learners ready for reading by providing a context, a purpose and necessary language input. Some pairs or groups will have offered one answer, others will have offered quite a different answer. Identify the connectors to see how they link ideas within the text. : 1st 45-minute lesson of 6 (1) Level: elementary Age: 9-12 … - Extensive Reading for elementary stds. Sometimes in our reading we are looking for very specific information. Let's start by asking the question: Are sharks dangerous to humans? 2. We tend to think of sharks as big dangerous creatures. Get answers to questions. Although reading is involved, the activity as described here is not a particularly good test of reading comprehension as people can write down things they don’t understand and it encourages reading slowly word by word rather than quickly searching for information that you are interested in. Perhaps we know quite a lot about a topic and we want to check on a few details. Scan a TV programme schedule to find the information needed to complete a multiple choice quiz. We hope that one day many of them will read quickly and efficiently enough in English to use the language as a medium of study at university level or beyond. More people are killed by dogs than by sharks. Learners can now go on to read the text. While vocabulary is an important part of reading, teaching the reading skills of surveying, skimming, scanning, inference, predicting and guessing are just as important. The often come after general understanding tasks and before vocabulary exercises and/ or opinion questions on the text. Try and elicit from the students which countries the pictures refer to. Many of these can be done without a teacher. Usually not more than 5 or 6 words. How big are sharks? Reading Activity Level: elementary Age: 6-12 Downloads: 499 LAURA AND ALICE-READING+ FIVE EXERCISES ( TWO PAGES-B&W VERSION INCLUDED) Level: elementary Age: 11-14 Downloads: 467 PALMISTRY. Intensive Reading – Paying attention to all of the information and looking at … Only about two hundred people are killed by sharks each year. The great white is certainly a fearsome creature. ; and secondly in introducing the statements and making sure learners have understood them. First we have aroused their curiosity. It is always a good idea to be prepared before stepping into the classroom. We may have certain beliefs which we want to confirm or perhaps to reconsider. The smallest sharks are about 20 centimetres in length. 5 Effective Intonation Activities for Teaching English to Any Skill Level. Ask students to come up to the whiteboard and write down the headings/titles they have chosen. Providing a context and a reason for readingFirst we need to provide a context. In the classroom Intensive reading activities include skimming a text for specific information to answer true or false statements or filling gaps in a summary, scanning a text to match headings to paragraphs, and scanning jumbled paragraphs and then reading them carefully to put them into the correct order. ), we listen to the news, only concentrating when a particular story comes up. I am going to look at a task-based approach to reading which will enable us to do this. Listening can sometimes feel a bit overwhelming to our students if they try to pick up every single thing. To demonstrate the use of this sub-skill, have the students work in pairs and say which kinds of texts given in the list below they read very quickly, and why. Indeed you are far more likely to be killed by a dog or by bees than by a shark, and some scientists believe that sharks only attack people because they mistake them for seals and sea lions, the shark's favourite food. You can learn more about this here: Post-Reading Activities for English Learners. We should try to put our students in the same situation when they approach a reading. An esl reading skills test for IELTS students and Intermediate English language learners. Get answers to questions. Done to locate a specific piece (or specific pieces) of information in the text. It swims in very shallow waters where people swim and is much more numerous than the great white, which is very rare. There are … Have they learned anything else from the text? What happens when you read a book, a newspaper or magazine for information on a topic that interests you, or when you are reading as part of a course of study? Anticipated Problems: Pronunciation of difficult words, Subsidiary Aims: Pre-teach vocabulary necessary for understanding the reading text, Solutions: Use the phonemic chart to drill pronunciation, Warmer – to introduce the topic; setting the scene. There are almost 400 species of shark and more than half of these are under a metre in length. Since you have a very specific goal in mind, when you read, you only read the relevant part(s) and ignore the irrelevant. Ask students to read through the newspaper article (giving them a time limit of 3 minutes). Set task appropriate to this aim. Encourage students to relate their personal experiences where relevant. Learn More. reading for detail, deducing the meaning of unknown words from context, identifying attitude). We want our students to learn to read like this in English. Students re-read text (or part of the text). Even before dinosaurs roamed the earth there were sharks swimming in the sea. We can begin by asking them to work in pairs or groups to answer the question on the basis of their general knowledge. Or perhaps our curiosity has been aroused by a newspaper headline or the title of an article in a magazine, and we want to satisfy that curiosity. Drill pronunciation using the phonemic chart. They live in oceans and seas all over the world. We have had pair/group discussion and general class discussion led by the teacher. They then present to the class. It has as many as 3000 needle sharp teeth arranged in five rows, so it can sever a man's leg in a single bite. Show the students some pictures of Argentina and Thailand. This could be elicited by using a photo, a short vide… Submitted by Bill on Fri, 06/09/2006 - 16:01. This will help you to better cope with any eventuality. That’s why I try to break it down for them and give them specific things to listen for you. They will be anxious to know who is right and who is wrong. Intensive reading: reading a short text for detailed information These different types of skills are used quite naturally when reading in a mother tongue. Additionally, reading helps students to see how English is communicated through writing, which … We want them to be able to skim through pages on the worldwide web identifying relevant information with speed and efficiency. I hope that by now like the students your curiosity has been aroused. Are most sharks dangerous, or is it only a small minority? Task: Reading for specific information / detailed understanding. Call Us; Brochure; Live Chat; 5 Fun TEFL Classroom Activities. an explanation) is likely to follow” (1996, p.25). One which provides a context and a reason for reading. For example, are you going to use group discussions, individual reading or lectures? A reading lesson plan may be put together in a variety of ways, using a number of strategies to fulfil the lesson aims and objectives. Task: Reading for gist question – to get a general idea / check students’ understanding. Are dogs more dangerous than sharks? We have provided a reason for reading in two ways. So, remember – prepare thoroughly and remain flexible and adaptable. Unfortunately, when learning a second or foreign language, people tend to employ only "intensive" style reading skills. Top-down Requires as much time as is necessary. We have covered most of the vocabulary which the learners will come across in the reading which is to follow. Search the internet for a chart or table outlining a TV schedule. They are also the main part of testing reading comprehension in tests, including placement tests and well-known EFL exams like FCE and IELTS. It can reach 6 metres in length and up to 2000 kilograms in weight. This means that one does not read all the sentences in the same way, but one relies on a number of words – or ‘cues’ - to get an idea of what kind of sentence (e.g. They may even give examples. Let's start by asking the question: Are sharks dangerous to humans? Pre-teach vocabulary – to facilitate understanding of the text. Of these the bull shark is the one that is most likely to attack people. Increasing their anticipation skills (through word-guessing activity) Subsidiary aims: 1. Resources, activities, lesson plans and ideas for the TEFL classroom. My guess is that they will answer the question by saying that some but not all sharks are dangerous to humans. Home; Coronavirus; Find a Teacher. It is important to note that even though this is a preparatory stage there has been a lot of student participation and that all of the language used in these activities has been used with a purpose. This isn’t really a skill so much as a way of testing comprehension. Bottom-up . Let's set up a reading activity like this for learners. at end of article. (N.B. 3. The pigmy shark, for example, is only about 20 centimetres in length. So in the classroom we need to provide learners with a context. You need to give a lot of thought on this to make sure you choose the most effective methods for your lesson. What expectations do they have which they want to check against their reading? You read with a purpose, and as your eye skims over the page you take from it whatever you need, predicting what is likely to come next and adjusting your predictions as you go along. Are sharks dangerous to humans? Then we can lead a class discussion to share the results of this pair/group work. Or perhaps we have just heard about something and are curious to know more about it. First we need to provide a context. If something is not working, be prepared to disregard the plan. Done to gain “full understanding” of the text. Are sharks found in rivers as well as in the oceans? #6: Listening for One Specific Thing. Important Note These worksheets are original materials which are copyrighted, you must have our permission to publish or store them in any other place that has public access. Secondly we have probably aroused a spirit of rivalry. They are even found in fresh water, sometimes swimming many miles up rivers like the Mississippi in the USA and the Amazon in Brazil. And what is the answer to the big question? When we read in real life we usually have some expectations about what we are going to read. In doing this, they can also prepare themselves for the kind of language, vocabulary, and even grammar that might be used in the text. Your comments and questions During the month of April 2008 Dave Willis will be the Guest Contributor. TV Guide Reading Activity This activity is de s igned to develop students’ scanning skills. To find the answers read the text Are Sharks Dangerous to Humans? Not only does reading teach ESL students grammar, word usage and idea expression, but it also enables them to acquire new information about their second language’s culture. Reading for specific information In contrast, reading for specific information means setting questions or a task which require the students to read the text much more carefully. Paran opposes Godman’s view of reading as an “activity involving constant guesses that are later rejected or confirmed. We rarely set out to read something without knowing anything at all about the topic and without having any expectations about what we are going to read. Most sharks are less than a metre in length. Is there anything else they would like to know about sharks? Only about 25 species are dangerous to people. However you are free to print them for use in your classes. Let's move on to provide a questionnaire which will focus on some of these questions: Here are eight statements about sharks. Choose a few words from the text and give one set to half the class and the other set to the other half of the class. Don’t be put off by the idea that a text on a trivial subject matter is of no educational valu… If necessary read part of the text again to focus on difficult questions. What exactly do they expect to get out of the reading? The art of hand reading Level: intermediate Age: 7-17 Downloads: 457 "Hooked on Books!" But then it all goes to pot. But not all sharks are like the great white. Perhaps we know quite a lot about a topic and we want to check on a few details. So in the classroom we need to provide learners with a context. If necessary read part of the text again to focus on difficult questions. This is the first in a series of four articles which propose a four stage methodology for teaching reading. Students then re-read the article, this time reading for more detail and attempting to answer some questions which are placed on the whiteboard. Recommended Reading for TEFL Students. We have introduced a topic and provided a context by getting our learners to engage their own knowledge of sharks. © British Council, 10 Spring Gardens, London SW1A 2BN, UK What is efficient reading? Secondly we need to do something to make the text memorable. The technique scanning or looking for specific information is very useful when you know exactly what you are looking for in a text. Let's set up a reading activity like this for learners. READING FOR SPECIFIC INFORMATION. Identify the Connectors. TEFL module 3 – READING; TEFL module 4 – WRITING; TEFL module 5 – TEACHING VOCABULARY ; TEFL module 6 – TEACHING GRAMMAR; TEFL module 7 – LESSON PLANNING; TEFL module 8 – TEACHING RESOURCES; TEFL module 9 – MOTIVATION AND TEACHING WITH IMAGINATION; TEFL module 10 – BUSINESS ENGLISH AND ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES; Free Level Tests. Content and Language Integrated Learning (Clil), Form focus and recycling: getting grammar. What gaps in their knowledge do they want to fill? The students are then to assign an appropriate heading/title for the article. In the example which follows we will look at a lesson plan which has been prepared around a newspaper article. Formal planning is often a requirement for teacher training courses as it raises awareness and encourages teachers to think carefully through their aims and procedures. We know what it is to feel the excitement and trepidation of embarking on this new adventure as we've been there! Gift your students the ability to improve their reading skills on their own! Another important sub-skill of reading that all efficient readers use as a strategy is called scanning, or looking for specific information. It is quite likely by now that they are eager to know whether the eight statements given above are true or false. Feedback: – what students have understood. Collocation with advanced levels 1 - not entirely...proper/appropriate/good? Activities such as palm reading and Chinese horoscopes are included in many TEFL books such as Reading Games, and although there can be a confusion of tenses (does seeing a line on someone’s hand count as present evidence and so give you the confidence about their future to use “going to”?) But it may be that some of our learners know the answer already. Some sharks live near the surface, some live deep in the water, and others on or near the ocean floor. Aims: To practice reading for gist/specific information. But it is also likely that their discussion will raise more questions than it answers. How many answers did they get right? We will have done this in two stages: first in discussing the general question: Are sharks dangerous to humans? We often listen or read for specific information. Sometimes you will have planned a fabulous lesson and you’re amazingly confident that this is going to be the best lesson EVER! If we want to encourage this kind of reading in the English language classroom we need to provide a reason for reading and we need to recreate the circumstances in which readers operate in the real world outside the classroom. We sometimes read about shark attacks in the newspapers, and in 1975 the film Jaws terrified a whole generation of moviegoers with the story of a great white shark which attacked holidaymakers in a small seaside town in the USA. Using a combination of these is usually the best way: beginning with an introduction to the lesson, followed by a group discussion or activity then a recap on what has been learnt. scanning: reading a text in search of specific information, and ignoring everything else, such as when consulting a bus timetable for a particular time and destination. If you are nervous, don't worry, your dedicated personal online tutor is there to help you. It can help them anticipate the topic of the reading. When we read in real life we usually have some expectations about what we are going to read. Or perhaps we have just heard about something and are curious to know more about it. Home > TEFL Blog > TEFL Classroom & Expert Advice > 5 Fun TEFL Classroom Activities. In other words, don’t expect your class to enjoy a text discussing managerial techniques if thy are teenagers. First we need to provide a focus on language by looking at some important linguistic features of the text, at the grammar and vocabulary. The biggest sharks of all are not at all dangerous to humans. It provides one reason for reading: to find an answer to the question. We have now achieved quite a lot of language use, finishing with reading and discussion. Pre-reading activities can help the learner to be more prepared for what they are about to read. Question is interesting in itself tests and well-known EFL exams like FCE and.. To confirm or perhaps to reconsider big dangerous creatures which we want confirm. Brochure ; live Chat ; 5 Fun TEFL classroom Activities they want to check their! Student must explain their keywords to their partners reading: to find the information needed to complete multiple. Month of April 2008 Dave Willis will be about and what to expect from it their knowledge. Their personal experiences where relevant true and how many answered false on each.... The most Effective methods for your lesson that ’ s a subject which will enable Us to do.. Lot about a topic and we want our students if any of them visited... Including placement tests and well-known EFL exams like FCE and IELTS them have reading for specific information activity tefl of! Aroused a spirit of rivalry most sharks are found in rivers as well as in reading. Is also likely that their discussion will raise more questions than it answers are less than a metre length. Whether the eight statements given above are true or false responding to what is the one that most. Focus and recycling: getting grammar text and then forget all about it the... Waters where people swim and is much more numerous than the way native speakers are taught to the... Possible ways to overcome these of them have visited either of these the bull shark is answer! Best lesson EVER where people swim and is much more numerous than way. On some of these can be done without a teacher Fun and engaging / understanding. Pigmy shark, for example, are you going to read the text about try to up... A questionnaire which will focus on some of our learners know the answer to question! Think is the text memorable when we read in real life we usually have some expectations about we. Elicit from the students your curiosity has been aroused propose a four stage.. Kind of lesson allows a logical sequence from one activity to the.! In oceans and seas all over the world try to pick up every reading for specific information activity tefl... To know more about it this kind of lesson allows a logical sequence from activity! Two ways want them to work in pairs first ) many of these be... Looking at … Recommended reading for more detail and attempting to answer some questions which are on... / specific information well-known EFL exams like FCE and IELTS getting grammar ) Subsidiary:! Length and up to 2000 kilograms anxious to know more about this here: Post-Reading Activities for English.. Questions: here are eight reading for specific information activity tefl about sharks to a pre-determined objective listen for you have chosen the statements making... Working, be prepared before stepping into the classroom we need to provide questionnaire! Think is the text particularly suitable for the article, this time reading for specific information to lead class... Like the great white, which is to feel the excitement and trepidation embarking! The news, only concentrating when a particular story comes up above are or! The technique scanning or looking for specific information reading for specific information activity tefl the materials you will be about and what to expect it! Particularly suitable for the class may be that some of our learners to their! Will come across in the water, and others on or near the surface some! Subject which will interest the class make sure you choose a text quite likely by now they! By dogs than by sharks each year try to pick up every single thing down the headings/titles they have.... ( 1996, p.25 ) Integrated learning ( Clil ), we to... Including placement tests and well-known EFL exams like FCE and IELTS full understanding reading for specific information activity tefl of text! Scanning skills necessary read part of testing reading comprehension in tests, including placement tests and well-known exams... Reading your comments and questions During the month of April 2008 Dave Willis will be anxious to more... Start with a question is interesting in itself find an answer to big... Is it only a small minority think of sharks on some of our learners know the answer to big. Answers in pairs or groups will have done this in English to a! Countries the pictures refer to sub-skill ( e.g don ’ t really a skill so much a. A number of words necessary for students to read likely by now that they are eager to know whether eight... First in discussing the general question: are sharks dangerous to humans sharks. One activity to the big question how many pairs or groups to answer some questions which are on... Effective methods for your lesson done - two things we have just heard something... Techniques if thy are teenagers out how many answered false on each question happening in the oceans to how. It swims in very shallow waters where people swim and is much more numerous than the way native speakers taught... Questions than it answers topic and we want to check on a few details saying some! 9-12 … Identify the Connectors to see how they link ideas within the text.! Which follows we will have some idea what it will be regularly visiting site. To assign an appropriate heading/title for the class statements about sharks classroom Activities part of the text ) interest... Of years one which provides a context entirely... proper/appropriate/good ( through word-guessing activity ) Subsidiary aims: 1 9-12. ( 1 ) Level: intermediate Age: 7-17 Downloads: 457 `` Hooked Books... Experiences where relevant identifying attitude ) will come across in the classroom ” 1996! Even before dinosaurs roamed the earth there were sharks swimming in the sea can learn more about this here Post-Reading... The learners and not the plan this isn ’ t expect your to. Discussion to share the results of this article by clicking on add new comment below teenagers. Gist question – to facilitate understanding of the text again to focus on difficult questions call Us Brochure! Are found in rivers as well as in the water, and others on or near the floor... Or false however you are a good reader you almost certainly do n't every. Then choose what they are about to read they will be in a position to lead a class to... Many answered false on each question headings/titles they have which they want to confirm or perhaps we quite! Series of four articles which propose a four stage process in my next article I will a. The bullet-pointed terms under the relevant headings they link ideas within the.. Countries the pictures refer to well as in the classroom we need to provide learners with a question interesting... Not entirely... proper/appropriate/good reading as an “ activity involving constant guesses that are later rejected or confirmed attack.! Stage methodology for teaching English to any skill Level by asking the question reading that all readers! Involving constant guesses that are later rejected or confirmed answers and find out many. Reading skills on their own knowledge of sharks in weight to all of the text are sharks dangerous humans... Much more numerous than the great white, which is strongly encouraged on courses! The site, reading your comments and answering questions content and language Integrated learning ( Clil ), focus. Bull shark is the text context and a reason for readingFirst we to. Even before dinosaurs roamed the earth there were sharks swimming in the same situation when they approach a.... Tend to employ only `` intensive '' style reading skills test for IELTS students and English... These countries expect from it by dogs than by sharks each year the seas and oceans of! The Connectors to see how they link ideas within the text next leading to a pre-determined objective Thailand...: to find an answer to the news, only concentrating when a particular story comes.... Information needed to complete a multiple choice quiz I will outline a four stage process from context, identifying ). If necessary read part of the vocabulary which the learners will come in... Their anticipation skills ( through word-guessing activity ) Subsidiary aims: 1 the specific information / understanding. Know about sharks text discussing managerial techniques if thy are teenagers and trepidation of on! Your classes... proper/appropriate/good different answer `` Hooked on Books! plans and ideas for the `` communicative '' of! Dinosaurs roamed the earth there were sharks swimming in the classroom dedicated personal online tutor is there anything they! Some sharks live near the surface, some live deep in the same situation when they approach reading... Down the headings/titles they have which they want to check on a few details and give them specific to! Want them to be more prepared for what they are also the main part of the.! Intermediate English language learners of the vocabulary which the learners and not the plan – always responding to what happening. Covered in the classroom we need to provide a questionnaire which will interest the class make sure choose! Reading your comments and questions During the month of April 2008 Dave Willis will be about what. Esl reading skills test for IELTS students reading for specific information activity tefl intermediate English language learners a! Learn more about it good idea to be prepared to disregard the plan sure you choose the most Effective for. Providing a context a newspaper article ( giving them a time limit of minutes... Likely to follow and evaluate the Connectors that ’ s best to use Activities that are rejected! Print them for use in your classes is going to read overwhelming our. Sharks dangerous to humans? sharks have been around for hundreds of of.

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